Everyone is losing her. This happens during the morning shower, and you dry it or after a quick brush – and it’s normal. “On average, we lose 50 to 100 hairs a day,” says Dr. Francesca Fusco, a dermatologist from New York who specializes in hair loss. “It is only she who goes through her cycles and a new one will appear which will replace him.” However, hair loss can be a sign of more serious health, which requires a dermatologist and possible treatment. There are nine reasons for hair loss and how to deal with them.
Telogen effluvium is a manifestation after pregnancy, serious surgery, drastic weight loss or extreme stress, which spends a lot on a daily basis, usually in a wash, style or brush. It may also be a side effect of some drugs, such as antidepressants, beta blockers, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. During the telogen expansion, hair shifts from the growth phase to the “rest” phase faster than usual, until it quickly enters the losing phase or telogen.
Symptoms: In women with telogen effluvium, hair loss is usually seen from 6 weeks to 3 months after stress. You can lose a handful of hair on top of it.
Tests: There is no evidence of telogen effluvium, but the doctor may ask you about the latest life events and look for small “bulbous” bulbs on fallen hair roots. Light bulbs mean that the hair is fully developed, so you can argue that the cycle may accelerate due to stress.
What you can do: In some cases, such as Pregnancy or Basic Surgery, you may need to wait for the hair loss to slow down. If the drug is the culprit, talk to your doctor about reducing the dose or replacing the drug. When it comes to stress, try to reduce your anxiety.
2.Hereditary Hair Loss:
Hair loss, which is genetic, is known as androgenic alopecia and, based on the American Academy of Dermatology, is the most common cause of hair loss. This gene can be inherited from your mother or father, but you’ll probably have it when both your parents lose their hair.
Symptoms: Women with this symptom usually develop thinner than the ponytail – says a dermatologist Pamela Jakubowicz, a dermatologist at the Montefiore Medical Center in New York. The condition develops slowly and can begin for 20 years. You may be vulnerable if your mother also has a dilution model. In some cases, hair loss can be dispersed, which means it spreads over the entire scalp.
Tests: Your dermatologist will examine the hair loss model to determine if he is hereditary and may order blood tests to correct other causes. Jakubowicz Sometimes a scalp biopsy is performed to check if the hair follicles have been replaced by miniature vesicles, not distracting, hereditary, hair loss.
What you can do: slowly calm down by applying minoxidil (Ragain) twice a day on the scalp. The drug works for both women and men, although women must use a less effective formula to avoid unnecessary side effects. Women should not take minoxidi if they are pregnant or breastfeeding. Men can be treated with finasteride (Propecia) for oral use.
Millions of people, most of them suffer from thyroid disease. When the body produces too little thyroid hormone, the hormone that metabolism, palpitations and mental state is responsible, it is said that you have hypothyroidism or slow. If the body produces too much, the hormone can cause hyperthyroidism or too much. Thyroid hormone is responsible for everything from the metabolic rate to the rate at which your body uses oxygen and energy to grow hair, skin, and nails. However, if you do not have the required amount, you can see changes in the functioning of the body.
Symptoms– Hypothyroidism (too little hormone) can cause many symptoms, including unexplained weight gain, fatigue, constipation, depression, and problems with concentration. Hair, nails, and skin can become brittle and easier to break. This is more common in women, especially older than 50 years, “says Theodore C. Friedman, MD, MPH, director of Endocrinology, Substance Transformation and Molecular Medicine Faculty Charles Drew University in Los Angeles and co-author of O Guide to Thyroid Disease (Adams Media, 2007). It works around 5 percent. Americans, but for women, it is almost ten times more often.
Tests: Blood tests show that the thyroid hormone produced by the pituitary gland destroys the thyroid in the thyroid hormone. Excess TSH usually indicates hypothyroidism, and an extremely low level indicates hyperthyroidism.
What you can do: Your doctor can prescribe thyroid hormone to restore normal levels. You can perform regular TSH tests to ensure the correct dosage.
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the immune system transports healthy tissue. This condition affects about 1.5 million people, and women take a fertile birth year.
Symptoms: Lupus often causes severe fatigue, headache, pain in the mouth and painful joint swelling. Many people develop a butterfly rash on the nasal bridge and become more sensitive to the sun. Other symptoms include fever; Swelling of the legs, hands, and eyes; Pain in the chest; and anemia. Many people who suffer from hair loss, which can be mild when brushing or shampooing their hair – or it can be more serious when they are corrected and accompanied by a rash on the scalp, “says Dr. Children’s Hospital Center for Rheumatology. As these symptoms occur in many other circumstances, lupus is often called a great person.
Tests: rheumatologist examines joints and other tissues for signs of inflammation such as heat, pain, swelling and redness. Blood tests for antibodies against antibodies (ANA) can also be used to measure Lupus Erythematosus. Rheumatologists also determine if patients have four of the eleven diagnostic criteria of the American College of Rheumatology, although less criteria combine with skin biopsies for lupus, Dr. Weinstein
What you can do: Ask your rheumatologist for hair and joint loss, fatigue and other symptoms of lupus treated with oral medicines such as prednisone. If you also have a rash on the scalp, you should consult a dermatologist who most likely takes a local cream.
5.Iron Deficiency Anemia:
Women with severe menstrual bleeding or inadequate food based on iron may have an iron deficiency if there are not enough red blood cells in the blood. Red blood cells transport oxygen to the body’s cells and provide the energy you need.
Symptoms: Due to iron deficiency caused by anemia, it causes severe fatigue, weakness, and pale skin. You can also notice headaches, difficulty concentrating, cold hands and feet, and hair loss. Any form of exercise can lead to breathing problems.
Tests: A blood test for ferritin, the identification of proteins that protect your body’s iron is most often required to diagnose iron deficiency anemia. Your doctor may also check your blood hematocrit to determine how much blood is in the red blood cells.
What you can do: Eat iron products such as beef, pork, fish, leafy vegetables, beans, and beans, preferably with foods rich in vitamin C, which improves the absorption of iron. Women need 18 mg of iron per day, 8 mg after menopause; Talk to your doctor if you need an iron supplement. You can also find supplements specifically for hair loss, Dr. Fusco The non-fat components are biotin, silicon dioxide, and L-cysteine.
6.Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:
In the United States, up to 5 million women suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome. A disease that can begin at the age of 11 is a hormonal disorder in which the ovaries produce too many male hormones. PCOS often causes infertility.
Symptoms: PCOS can cause hair growth, irregular menstruation, acne and cysts due to ovaries. And while you may feel hair loss on the scalp, you may notice more hair in other places. Fusco
Tests: Your doctor will probably do a blood test to test an elevated level of testosterone and DHEAS (dehydroepiandrosterone), which is a byproduct of testosterone.
What to do: In most cases, PCOS is used in contraceptive pills, such as Yasmin, which contains strong testosterone blocking androgens. If you can not use contraceptive pills, your doctor may prescribe spironolactone (Aldactone), which also blocks male hormones. Lower weight can also help to reduce the effects of male hormones.
7.Skin Conditions of the Scalp:
An unhealthy head can cause inflammation that causes the hair to become hard. Skin conditions that cause hair loss include seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff), psoriasis and fungal infections, such as fungi.
Symptoms: seborrheic dermatitis causes loss of scalp, leaving greasy, yellowish dandruff on the shoulders or hair. This may be the result of yeast called Malassezia, hormonal changes or excessive oil in the skin. Psoriasis, an autoimmune disease that causes excessive skin cell renewal, creates a very thick white scale that can bleed when pulled. According to Jakubowicz, with a mushroom, a fungus that catches you with an infected person or animal, you will notice red patches on the scalp that can be scattered.
Tests: A physical test on the scalp helps determine your condition. The cultivation of fungi and possibly a scalp biopsy may indicate fungi.
What you can do: A recipe usually needed for each condition: shampoo for the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis, treatment of psoriasis or phototherapy, and fungal yeast in an oral mosquito.
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the hair follicles. The United States is affected by approximately 4.7 million. People, and is characterized by both men and women. The cause is not known, but it can be caused by stress or illness.
Symptoms: This disease can occur in three forms. Alopecia areata often causes round, smooth patches on the scalp, eyebrows or legs, said Dr. Med. Fusco Total hair loss on the head is called baldness total and hair loss that occurs throughout the body, as it is called baldness. “Some patients reported that they feel something in this area, appeared before the baldness – tingling or irritation. Dr. Fusco.
Test: If you track a hair loss pattern, you can usually find if you have alopecia areata and blood tests for DIY (ANA). and hormones are usually eliminated the main conditions that can cause hair loss.
What you can do: alopecia areata usually treated with corticosteroid lesions said Dr. Fusco In some cases, Minoxidil (Rogaine) can help. It is also important to reduce stress.
Too much shampoo, stylistics, and color can damage your hair. Heat and chemicals weaken hair because it can break and leave. Often, it is a cleaning technique, such as keratin for drying paint and dust, which cause damage.
Symptoms: In the case of rainfall is caused by external damage to the style, it is simply smashed and you will not see this whip-shaped Telogenlampen ends.
Tests: Jakubowicz plays a tensile test: It takes about 50 filaments a handful of control and gently pulls the hair or go at the ends they have tubers.
What you can do: Avoid using a device that overheats your hair. Set the dryer to cool and low temperatures and reduce the use of iron. Apply hair no more than one or two colors standard colors: a stronger color, the more chemicals you may need hair. If you use hair gel or hair spray, wait until it dries before turning. Hair and quickly harden violated.
Your hair condition affects not only the appearance but also is an important health indicator. If hair loss, please consult a dermatologist.