Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health, and disease of an organism. It includes food intake, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism, and excretion.





Nutrition is the process by which animals or plants receive and use nutrients. The main nutrients are proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes. Usually, 85% of daily energy is consumed from fat and carbohydrates, and 15% from protein. Nutrition is the process by which animals or plants receive and use nutrients. The main nutrients are proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes. Usually, 85% of daily energy is consumed from fat and carbohydrates, and 15% from protein. In the case of humans, nutrition occurs mainly after discontinuation, chewing and ingestion of the oral nutrition process. The amount of essential nutrients depends on the age and condition of the body, such as physical activity, the current state of health (eg prostate cancer, breast cancer or bone mineral condition – osteoporosis), medication, pregnancy, and breastfeeding.

Meaning of Nutrition Education:


It is a science about food, nutrients and other substances contained in it, their effects, interactions and their balance with health and diseases. Education is the process of changing the behavior of the people you want. It can also be defined as the process of acquiring knowledge and habits through teaching. Behavioral changes must be targeted at the desired goal. They must be social, culturally and economically, and therefore knowledge, skills, attitudes and understanding are changing. In the field of education, emphasis should be placed on the behavioral component of a person. With the development of society, education has been divided into various forms:(a) children’s education; (b) adult education; (c) technical training; (d) education in the humanities and social sciences; (e) teaching arts and crafts; (f) health education; and (g) physical education, etc.

Importance Of Nutrition:


The diet is important for growth and development, health and well-being. Healthy nutrition helps prevent future diseases, improve quality and longevity. Your nutritional status is a state of health determined by what you eat. There are several ways to measure nutritional status, including anthropometric (ie, physical body measurement), food and biochemical measurements.

Your body mass index (BMI) is a good indicator of your nutritional status. It takes into account your weight and body size, which is perfectly consistent with the total fat content, expressed as a percentage of your body weight. Correlation depends on age, the largest correlation between 26 and 55 years of age, as well as on the smallest youth and the elderly. If you give your weight in kilograms and divide it into height in square meters, you will get your BMI.

A high level indicates excessive storage of fat, and small amounts of fat are unsuitable. That’s why your BMI can be used as a diagnostic tool for overeating and malnutrition. If your BMI is between 25.0 and 29.9, you are overweight. If it exceeds 30.0, you are considered obese. The healthy range of BMI ranges from 18.5 to 24.9.

Objectives and Target Group:GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

  • Development of nutrition counseling and education services for the public in the field of nutrition.
  • To participate, where possible and appropriate, in harmonized Community food programs covering other disciplines and agencies.
  • Contribute, where necessary, to the development of an additional nutritional program and provide them with regular advisory services.
  • Improvement of the nutritional standard in the Community through these and other available resources.
  • Emotional deprivation and neglect of the child.
  • As a health care specialist, effective nutrition of BCC in your community can help create a positive diet.

Nutrition behavior change communication in food-based approaches:


Nutritional problems cannot be solved for a long time in the form of tablets or capsules. The organization would be too complicated and too expensive. That is why it is important to promote the use of a dietary attitude in your community. For gardening activities and the diversity of nutrients are examples of important methods. Therefore, BCC should focus on the need to consume different types of food. Intensification of gardening activities should be based on nutritional education. One way to do this is that Healthcare Practices provide practical demonstrations to people in your community and encourage women to grow vegetable gardens as food sources for their families.

Objectives of growth monitoring:

  • Individual assessment of health and effective response to blocking
  • Teach mothers, families and health care professionals how nutrition and disease can affect the child’s development, thereby promoting individual
  • Initiatives and improving nutrition and nursing practices.
  • Regular connection with basic health care

Behavior change communication:



In practice, as a health extension specialist, there are different communication strategies that can help people in your community to be responsible for their health. A systematic approach to behavioral changes is a very important way to improve the nutritional status of women and infants. The communication strategy for behavioral changes (BCC) aims to influence the behavior of families and communities. BCC may not only take into account individual attitudes and health practices but also promote nutritional development, taking into account local traditions and household dynamics (conditions). The viewer is completely fragmented and communicates with the media, community leaders and older people can achieve set behavioral goals.

Segmentation means that relevant notifications are applied to relevant recipients at this time. This prevents users from overloading information, ensuring that they do not receive unnecessary information. For example, pay more attention to mother’s nutrition and breastfeeding during pregnancy and do not talk to mother and family about the extra diet that you can talk about later.

Nutrition behavior change communication:



Talking about changes in eating behavior is a strategy that allows you to change eating habits in your community. By using the methods and techniques of this session, you can create practices that promote better health, providing optimal nutrition and better eating habits. Communication behavioral change (BCC) can inform people about key nutritional tools, in particular about optimal nutrition for infants and young children and related key messages, and facilitate the adoption of adult eating habits.

BCC’s activity in your community means informing the community about various activities, including gardening activities, development of vegetable and vegetable gardens and the use of irrigation and water collection systems. Such activities must work with social workers in the field of agriculture because they will cooperate to make more impact. Table 11.1 summarizes some of the actions to be taken to facilitate behavior change at every stage.

Counselling mothers and caregivers on child nutrition:

Counselling of mothers


In your work, you have many opportunities to help parents improve their nutritional status. Always use nutritional advice to achieve this goal. Nutritional therapy is a nutritional problem of a child with a mother or carer. In contrast to nutritional education, nutritional counseling is a two-way process in which the mother actively participates in describing the child’s problems, basic analyzes and identifying available resources and solutions.

In this way, when working with their mother or guardian, they can decide on the actions to be taken. Basic analysis of causes and recognition of measures is an important part of the whole process. By weighing the baby and determining its nutritional status, you must share this information with your mother and talk to her about the steps she can take. The next steps are also very important, so you should always advise your mother to set a date so that you can find out whether she has been contracted or has a problem with them.